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Basic Details

  • Title: A 130-Gram Moderate-Carbohydrate Diet with Self-Monitoring Approach for Obesity

  • Author(s): Keenya Staten 

  • Primary Language: English

  • Publication Number: 27741704

  • Submission Date: 2020-02-28

  • Submission ID: 11459

Institutional Repository (IR) Publishing Options

  • Include in institutional repository: Yes

PDF and Supplementary Files

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Administrative Documents

Degree/Department Information

  • Degree Date: 2020

  • Degree Awarded: Doctor of Nursing Practice

  • Year Manuscript Completed: 2020

  • Department: College of Nursing and Health Care Professions

  • Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair: Joanna Cartwright

  • Committee Members: Nana Arkhurst-Arthur

Subject Categories

  • Nursing [0569] - primary

Keywords

  • African American

  • Dietary Guidelines

  • low carbohydrate

  • obesity

  • self-monitoring

  • self-regulation

Abstract

Obesity is a complex disorder that disproportionately affects rural communities and the African American population. The purpose of this quantitative one-group pretest-posttest project was to evaluate the effects of dietary adherence to a 130 to 225 g per day moderate-carbohydrate diet with self-monitoring intervention on body weight reduction, in one group of obese African American adults, that attended a rural health center in North Carolina. The social cognitive theory and self-regulation theory addressed the participants’ biopsychosocial factors and self-awareness. A quantitative one-group pretest-posttest design by manual extraction was used to collect data and answer the clinical question. A convenience sample of 19 (n = 19) participants included African Americans, males, and females, ages 18 to 60 years, with a BMI of 30 kg/m2 or higher. The paired-samples t-test was used to analyze the data. Results showed a significant difference in the pretest-posttest mean body weight (M = 1.42 kg, SD = 2.82); t (18) = 2.19, (p = 0.042) and carbohydrate intake (M = 43.76 g, SD = 85.68); t (18) = 2.23, (p = 0.039). The results were statistically significant and suggest that a moderate-carbohydrate diet and self-monitoring intervention may be an effective approach to reduce body weight in obese African American adults.